White County

130px-Map of Indiana highlighting White County.svgWhite County redistricted in 2011 and is now in compliance with state law.The 2000 districts, however, violated the requirement for approximately equal populations.

 

 

 White County Redistricting Overview

State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".

Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.

Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?  No:   The population deviation was at least 25%.
 
Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?  Yes
 
Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?  No
 
Are the current districts compact and contiguous? Yes 
 
Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district? Yes 

 

IndianaPrecincts CCDistricts White

 

2010 Census Data

In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.

Note: You can download the Precinct Key for White County here.

District 1 6192 | District 2 5956 | District 3 6582 | District 4 5913
Prarie 01 Honey Creek 01 Union 03 Cass 01
Prarie 02 Monon Union 04 Jackson 01
Princeton Union 02 Union 05 Liberty
Round Grove 01 Union 06 Lincoln 01
West Point 01 Union 07 Union 01
Big Creek 01
Total Population    24,643
Average District Population   6161
Population Deviation    11%

Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.

 

2000 Census Data

When we first looked at data on county councils in spring 2011, the smallest readily available geographic units with 2000 population were townships. We were able to calculate exact population deviations for the # counties where all four council districts followed township lines. We were also able to obtain minimum population deviations for the # counties in which at least one council district followed township lines. The figures that we used to calculate minimum deviation for White County are below:

Note: Township populations appear in district columns if that district follows township lines exactly. For those districts that share more one or more townships, we have inserted an "X" to indicate that at least part of that township is in that district.

 Township Population   District 1  District 2 District 3 District 4  
   Big Creek  856 x
   Cass 590 x
   Honey Creek 1235 x
   Jackson 681 x
   Liberty 2225 x
   Lincoln 635 x
   Monon 3272 3272
   Prairie 3191 x
   Princeton 1529 1529
   Round Grove 246 x
   Union 10436 x x x
   West Point 371 371
   Total Population 25267
   Average District Population 6316 Avg. Population / 4 Districts
   Minimum Population Deviation 25% See Below  

Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.

In White County, we only had exact population for one district, District 2, which consists of three whole townships. The average for District 1, District 3, and District 4 is 6,698. If D1, D3, and D4 were divided exactly equally, then the deviation would be 25%, but it is probably substantially higher.