Wayne County violates just about every rule of redistricting. The county appears not to have redistricted after the 2010 Census; it splits precincts, which is specifically prohibited; its districts need to be more compact; and it has a population deviation that exceeds the maximum allowed.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||Unknown|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||Unknown, although the maps appear to be the same.|
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||No. The exact population deviation cannot be calculated because Precinct Webster 1 is split between District 1 (the largest of all the districts) and District 2 (the smallest district). Even if all 1,272 residents of Webster 1 were in District 2, the population deviation would still be at least 14%.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||No. District 1 is nearly cut in half by Districts 2 and 4.|
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||No. Precinct Webster 1 is split between District 1 and District 2.|
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||N/A|||||District 2||N/A|||||District 3||16,629|||||District 4||17,406|
|Average District Population||16,911|
|Population Deviation||minimum 14% but unknown due to split precincts|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.