Wabash County redistricted in 2011, thus correcting a major problem with earlier redistricting in which one district completely bissected another. The population deviation is only 6%, one of the best in the state, and the districts are now reasonably compact and contiguous.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||No. District 3 bisected District 2.|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||Yes|
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||Yes. It is 6%.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||Yes, except the northeast portion of District 3 (see below).|
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||Yes|
The odd northeast contours of District 3 are primarily due to following the boundaries of Wabash City, including where city property consists of a thin line (which appears to be not even a road or a hedge) and forms a box within which part of District 2 (precinct Noble 9) is separated from the rest of District 2. The small part of precinct Noble 5 hangs like a body off a hangman's scaffold, but the division appears to have no practical consequences for redistricting.
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||8009|||||District 2||8500|||||District 3||8299|||||District 4||8080|
|Average District Population||8,222|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.