Tipton County's council has one of the lowest population deviations in the state, 5%. Its districts are reasonably compact, with no shared precincts. The county had no need to redistrict in 2011 as its existing districts complied with all requirements.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||Probably yes|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||No. The maps appear to be identical.|
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||Yes. It is only 5%, one of the lowest deviations in the state.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||Yes. (See note below re inconsequential exception)|
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||Yes|
|Other comments:||District 1 consists of the northern and western portions of the city of Tipton, IN. Wholly inside District 1 is a small parcel of land belonging to Pioneer Hi-Bred International seed company that is not incorporated in Tipton and is not part of District 1. (It is part of precinct Cicero 5, which wraps around the top part of Tipton.) As the parcel appears to be uninhabited, the incongruity is without consequence for redistricting.|
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||4091|||||District 2||3995|||||District 3||3891|||||District 4||3959|
|Average District Population||3984|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.