Parke County did not redistrict in 2011, despite having a population deviation of 21%--twice the allowable limit. State prisoners are 8% of Parke County's population, and about 25% of their current council district. Thus when Parke redistricts, the county should exclude the prisoners.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||Unknown|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||No|
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||No. It is 21%.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||Yes.|
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||Yes.|
|Other comments:||A state prison located in Parke County houses 1304 prisoners. The prisoners constitute 8% of the county's population and 27% of the population of County Council District 1. District 1 is also the most populace district, suggesting that in some earlier decade the prison population may have been taken into account when redistricting took place. On the other hand, District 1 may be the most populace district simply due to the growth of nearby county seat, Rockville, which is also in District 1. Either way, the prisoners are such a large percentage of the population that they should be excluded when the county finally redistricts.|
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||4887|||||District 2||4112|||||District 3||3975|||||District 4||4365|
|Average District Population||4335|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.