Tiny Switzerland County failed to redistrict in 2011. It has a population deviation of 27% and one district that is not compact. The county needs to redistrict to remedy both problems.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precint boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||No. The population deviation was at least 14%. In addition, District 4 nearly cuts District 2 in half|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||No|
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||Yes, It is 27%.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||No. District 4 nearly cuts District 2 in half.|
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||Yes|
|Other comments:||The Switzerland County clerk's office differed with the state Elections Division regarding whether precinct Craig 1 is in District 1 or District 2. The answer affects the calculation of population deviation, though the deviation is unacceptably high either way. After examining the 2010 map, and accepting the clerk's information that the county did not redistrict, we concluded that the Elections Division was correct regarding Craig 1.|
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||2285|||||District 2||2903|||||District 3||2421|||||District 4||3004|
|Average District Population||2653|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.