Unequal Representation in Indiana:
How the failure of local governments to redistrict in Indiana undermines democracy
The Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution amendment XIV requires substantial equality of population among the various districts, so that a vote of any citizen is approximately equal in weight to that of any other citizen. Vigo County Republican Central Committee v. Vigo County Commissioners (U.S. District Court, Terre Haute, IN, Oct. 1993)
The US Constitution and Indiana state law require local governments to redistrict after every decennial census. Yet, we found that many Indiana county councils and school boards that are required to redistrict failed to do so following the 2010 census, or did so improperly. Indeed we found evidence that many of these councils and boards have been illegally constituted for decades. As a result, hundreds of thousands of Hoosiers have been and continue to be deprived of their constitutional right to equal representation.