Henry County appears not to have redistricted in 2011 despite having a population deviation of 21%, twice the allowable limit. When the county redistricts, the large state prison population (2,549) should be excluded.
County Redistricting Overview
State law and state and federal court decisions require that local government districts be compact, contiguous, not cross precinct boundaries, and be as nearly equal in population as possible (usually with population deviation of less than 10%). To be in compliance, answers to each of the questions below should be "Yes".
Note: Other requirements regarding vote dilution and minority representation are not examined in this report.
|Were the districts based on the 2000 census in compliance with state law?||Unknown|
|Did the county redistrict after the 2010 census?||
Probably not, as the 2000 and 2010 maps appear to be identical.
|Is the population deviation of the current districts less than 10%?||No. It is 21%.|
|Are the current districts compact and contiguous?||
Yes, except for one orphaned and apparently unpopulated piece of District 1 that is wholly contained within District 2. It is part of New Castle's precinct Henry 16, which is split in two separate pieces.
|Is every precinct wholly contained within a single district?||Yes|
|Other comments:||Henry County's District 4 contains the New Castle Correctional Facility which housed 2549 prisoners in the 2010 census. District 4 is the largest now in terms of population, with 13,490 residents. However, because District 3 has nearly as many residents--13,412-- and District 1 has only 10,894 residents, subtracting the prisoners from District 4 does not lower the population deviation appreciably.|
2010 Census Data
In 2012, we were able to determine exact populations for each county council district by identifying which precincts (as drawn in 2011 by each county) were in which county council district. We were able to calculate precinct populations using the 2010 census as long as precincts contained whole census blocks, which they are supposed to do.
|District 1||10,894|||||District 2||11,666|||||District 3||13,412|||||District 4||13,490|
|Average District Population||12,366|
Population deviation is calculated by subtracting the smallest district from the largest district and dividing by the average district population. The maximum allowable deviation for local governments is 10%.